[84], In 2006, 2.9% of the Jews in the city were Haredi, compared to 7.5% on a national scale. [95] The lowest is the center of commerce and industry including the Port of Haifa. In 1839 the Jewish population numbered 124. [153] Rambam Medical Center was in the direct line of fire during the Second Lebanon War in 2006 and was forced to take special precautions to protect its patients. [43][44] When the Egyptian occupation ended and Acre declined, the importance of Haifa rose. The city also has a nursing college and the P.E.T Practical Engineering School. In 1875, the Jewish community of Haifa held its own census which counted the Jewish population at about 200. At Maplandia.com you won't be charged any booking fees, cancellation fees, or administration fees – the reservation service is free of charge. [117] Matam (short for Merkaz Ta'asiyot Mada – Scientific Industries Center), the largest and oldest business park in Israel, is at the southern entrance to the city, hosting manufacturing and R&D facilities for a large number of Israeli and international hi-tech companies, such as Apple, Amazon, Abbot, Cadence, Intel, IBM, Magic Leap, Microsoft, Motorola, Google, Yahoo!, Elbit, CSR, Philips, PwC and Amdocs. Other hospitals in the city include the Italian Hospital, Elisha Hospital (100 beds), Horev Medical Center (36 beds) and Ramat Marpe (18 beds). Many of Wadi Salib's historic Ottoman buildings have now been demolished, and in the 1990s a major section of the Old City was razed to make way for a new municipal center. The west side of the port will be transformed into a tourism and nightlife center and a point of embarkation and arrival for sea travel through the construction of public spaces, a beach promenade, and the renovation of commercial buildings. [21] In Arabic, the highest peak of the Carmel range is called the Muhraka, or "place of burning," harking back to the burnt offerings and sacrifices there in Canaanite and early Israelite times[24], In the 6th century BCE, during the Persian period, Greek geographer Scylax wrote of a city "between the bay and the Promontory of Zeus" (i.e., the Carmel), which may be a reference to Shikmona, a locality in the Haifa area. Jews comprised the majority of the city's population at the time. In 1858, the walled city of Haifa was overcrowded and the first houses began to be built outside the city walls on the mountain slope. Haifa is served by six railway stations and the Carmelit, currently Israel's only subway system (another is planned in Tel Aviv). [10][11], Other spellings in English included Caipha, Kaipha, Caiffa, Kaiffa and Khaifa. Checking Possibility of Pumping Oil from Northern Iraq to Haifa, via Jordan", "Quarterly Statement - Palestine Exploration Fund", "Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500", "Book Excerpt: Frommer's Guide to Israel, "Haifa, "Two Tombstones from Zoar in the Hecht Museum Collection", "Stella Maris Lighthouse, Church and Carmelite Monastery", "Haifa during the British Mandate Period", "The History of the Sephardi Jews in Israel", "Golden anniversary of the Queen of Carmel", "On Haifa Day India salutes World War I troops", "Knighthood — Sir ʻAbdu'l-Bahá ʻAbbas Effendi", "Sifting Through the Ruins: Historic Wadi Salib Under Pressure", "8 killed in rocket attack on Haifa – Israel News, Ynetnews", "Katyusha rocket hit Haifa oil refineries complex during Second Lebanon War", "Haifa plans for 55,000 more residents by 2025", "Secular residents worry about Haifa neighborhood turning into 'another Bnei Brak, "In Israeli City of Haifa, a Liberal Palestinian Culture Blossoms", "Gad Zeevi demands Haifa permit high-rises on the Carmel", Haifa Economic Corporation Ltd: Wadi Salib, "Plan aims to turn Haifa into 'the Barcelona of Israel, "Move of Haifa Bay's ammonia tank tangled in red tape", "NIS 600m Disney park, multiplex planned for Haifa", "Haifa outline plan filed for objections", "Tel Aviv: "Haifa works, Jerusalem prays, and Tel Aviv plays, "Building to begin on Haifa life sciences park", "Making Haifa into an international tourist destination", "Dagon Collection – Archaeological Museum of Grain Handling in Israel", "Home of Haifa artist Hermann Struck is reborn as museum", "The Mysteries of Safed, The Banners of Haifa", "Haifa honors first mayor's legacy of coexistence", "A Cross-Section of Israeli Reality, Here and Now", "Haifa's Christian schools lead the league", "Egged to start minibus project in Haifa", "Haifa to get new 'Metronit' Bus Rapid Transit system by 2011 | JPost | Israel News", "Night buses in Haifa & Krayot at the Egged official website", "Summer routes to the beaches at the Egged official website", Photos – The Baháʼí Gardens in Haifa: the Shrine of the Bab Terraces & Gardens, Our Lady of Mount Carmel Monastery, Haifa, Israel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haifa&oldid=999776385, Castles and fortifications of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Israel, Populated places established in the 1st century, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with Hebrew-language sources (he), Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles with disputed statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Haifa Hof HaCarmel Central Bus Station, adjacent to the Hof HaCarmel Railway Station, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 22:22. Built on the slopes of Mount Carmel, the settlement has a history spanning more than 3,000 years. Contributor: Mapah, Mipui Ṿe-Hotsaʼah La-Or (Tel Aviv, Israel) Date: 1996 [118] The campus of the University of Haifa is also home to IBM Haifa Labs. [31], Prosperity ended in 1100 or 1101, when Haifa was besieged and blockaded by European Christians shortly after the end of the First Crusade, and then conquered after a fierce battle with its Jewish inhabitants and Fatimid garrison. [27], In about the 3rd century CE, Haifa was first mentioned in Talmudic literature, as a Jewish fishing village and the home of Rabbi Avdimi and other Jewish scholars. In a public statement, the national committee called upon the Arab residents to obey orders, be alert, keep calm, and added: "Keep away the cowards who wish to flee. [88][89], A development plan approved in 2016 seeks to raise Haifa's population to 330,000 residents by 2025. [44] The Templers built and operated a steam-based power station, opened factories and inaugurated carriage services to Acre, Nazareth and Tiberias, playing a key role in modernizing the city. [67], On 30 December 1947, members of the Irgun, a Jewish underground militia, threw bombs into a crowd of Arabs outside the gates of the Consolidated Refineries in Haifa, killing six and injuring 42. In the 19th century, under Ottoman rule, the German Colony was built, providing the first model of urban planning in Haifa. [108] In addition, the ammonia depository tank in the Haifa bay industrial zone will be dismantled, and a new one built in an alternative location. [130], A 2007 report commissioned by the Haifa Municipality calls for the construction of more hotels, a ferry line between Haifa, Acre and Caesarea, development of the western anchorage of the port as a recreation and entertainment area, and an expansion of the local airport and port to accommodate international travel and cruise ships. Despite the efforts, Arab residents abandoned the streets which bordered Jewish neighborhoods and during the days of the general strike instigated by the Arab Higher Committee, some 250 Arab families abandoned the Khalisa neighborhood. All port activity will be moved to the western side, and the area will be redeveloped. [79], Tel Aviv gained in status, while Haifa suffered a decline in the role as regional capital. [15], Haifa al-'Atiqa (Arabic: "Ancient Haifa") is another name used by some locals to refer to Tell es-Samak, when it was the site of Haifa while a hamlet of 250 residents, before it was moved in 1764–5 to the site from which the modern city emerged. In the 19th century, it was restored as a Carmelite monastery, the Stella Maris Monastery. There are currently plans to expand services from Haifa. in Woking, Surrey County, South East, England, United Kingdom, in Saskatoon, Division No. You can easily choose your hotel by location. Moreover, Haifa hotel map is available where all hotels in Haifa are marked. Includes location map and ancillary map of Haifa city center. [32] It was a part of the Principality of Galilee within the Kingdom of Jerusalem. [47], The first major wave of Jewish immigration to Haifa took place in the mid-19th century from Morocco, with a smaller wave of immigration from Turkey a few years later. [29], Following the Arab conquest of Palestine in the 630s-40s, Haifa was largely overlooked in favor of the port city of 'Akka. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Haifa, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. This continues with 14% of Jews and others aged 60–74 and 10% over age 75, in comparison to 7% and just 2% respectively in the Arab population. It had a population of 32 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olives, and goats or beehives. [45], Haifa remained majority Muslim throughout this time but a small Jewish community continued to exist there. Annual precipitation is approximately 629 millimeters (25 in). [169] Other theaters in the city include the Krieger Centre for the Performing Arts and the Rappaport Art and Culture Center. 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