Ask anyone who has been attacked by surprised, and they will attest, that jump to finding yourself in RED, sucks. Situational awareness distinguishes between person and environment. condition orangecondition redcondition whitecondition yellowdisaster survivalnatural disasterpreppingself defensesituational awarenesssurvival skills. With the identified threat taken care of, our hero moves back to Condition Yellow and continues to scan the room while trying to fill the partial flush he has in his hand. States of Awareness, the Cooper Color Codes By Tom Givens Most people stumble through life, blissfully unaware of the world around them. The color code of survival utilizes four colors: white, yellow, orange and red. With increases in crime such as theft, rape, and assault, it is in our best interest to pay attention.In nature, predators seek out easy targets — the weak and the sick ones. I learned a lot on that trip. Situational Awareness. Situational awareness training is exactly what it sounds like. Condition ‘yellow’ is a relaxed, very alert state of mind and is part of a color-coded tactical awareness continuum referred to as the Cooper Color Code. “Awareness” means watching your environment and what is going on around you in order to anticipate what might happen to you and those around you. Situational awareness is very important, not just for personal security but as a fundamental building block in collective security. Cooper’s colors: A simple system for situational. He is now in Condition Orange, because he knows that Bart has been looking for him ever since he helped the sheriff put Bart’s kid brother in jail. It is a tough choice, but there is only one right answer.”. ❰ “Owning a handgun doesn’t make you armed, any more than owning a guitar makes you a musician.” Cooper used the color code to describe one’s state of mind as it relates to one’s degree of danger and their willingness to act. White is a level characterized as being completely unaware of one’s surroundings. The ability to defend yourself in a life-threatening situation starts long before touching a weapon; it starts with what the military calls, “situational awareness.” If you don’t know what’s going on around you, the bad guys have a distinct advantage… the element of surprise. Situational Awareness- Cooper’s Color Code & Boyd’s O.O.D.A. Our hero then draws his Colt Peacemaker and refocuses his attention on Bart, whose hind parts are now running out the saloon’s swinging doors, quickly followed by the remaining sidekick. Condition Yellow - Condition Yellow is a state of relaxed awareness. The late Jeff Cooper’s “Color Code” has been taught by police instructors for many years.  Â. Yellow: Focused on driving. Your Human Animal (gut-feeling) tapped you on the shoulder and asked “Hey, what’s that?” Something has captured your attention. Colonel USMC (ret) and founder of Gunsite.Cooper is well known for developing "the Modern Technique" of handgun shooting and is one of the 20th century's foremost international experts on the use and history of small arms.He is also responsible for advocating the four basic rules of firearms safety. Unfortunately there are not a lot of areas left in our world where you are immune to threats to your personal safety. Applying Jeff Cooper’s levels in the Awareness Color Code Chart, she operated on the level “white” … the entire time. If you think about it, it’s not that much of a stretch to imagine yourself in a similar situation in a restaurant, theater or other public place. All Rights Reserved, Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model, Replying to a personal text on your smartphone, Daydreaming about an upcoming recreational activity, Co-worker, another patient, or bystander asks you a question causing you to, The Yellow level, simply put, is when a person is, There is one caveat that affected me… learn how to not stay in orange. Cooper’s Color Code is not a way to analyze the amount of danger you’re in. Most of you are familiar with the concepts, but a review is worthwhile. This is where the CAVEMAN, the fight or flight/sympathetic responses to danger kick in. It is in that moment, you went from Yellow, to Orange. Share This Post Tweet ; Situational awareness is vital to preppers and for good reason. They are: So why do we need the colors? The premise of this color-coded model is to help one recognize “where” they might be with situational awareness, a level of it, at any given time. These numbers are in hexadecimal numeral system. First we will give a brief explanation of each color-coded level, while applying them to a common scenario of triaging an intoxicated “patient.”. Red: The aggressive driver has caused an accident in your direct path. Black is pretty much self-explanatory. Unfortunately, many people cannot take that step from being aware of a threat to taking action to address that threat, because they haven’t prepared their minds to take aggressive or lethal action to nullify it. As he looks up, he sees Black Bart and two of his sidekicks enter the saloon. Ammoland Inc. Posted on May 27, 2014 June 2, 2017 by Bob Harvey. Because, when faced with a life threatening attack by a criminal, as a typical normal person, we are faced with three very difficult challenges. Use your senses to look and listen for anything out of the ordinary. Posted by wbmaness on December 31, 2013. It’s a task you most likely do daily. First, you have to see the criminal and realize that he is a threat. These colors illustrate our mindset as we go about our normal day or when we have been called to duty. Your net of consciousness is extended out in a 360-degree circle. This would include using your mirrors to observe behind you.  Sometimes this is purposeful and others it is not. Tires screeching, as vehicles are crisscrossing, some spun out of control, and even a rollover. Jeff Cooper was a man with a plethora of opinions on topics pertinent to self-defense. CPI’s NVCI vs. DT4EMS’ EVE – A simple comparison, “No one person can be controlled by another, unless they want you to.”. With this approach, you can move up and down this four-color continuum as the situation warrants, and you can also skip over some condition levels, if the situation calls for it. It was a process I applied on the street, throughout my careers in law enforcement and EMS. Our hero focuses his attention on Bart but continues to scan the room—this time, making sure to keep tabs on the two sidekicks. It’s made up of 4 colors: White, Yellow, Orange, and Red. By Bob Harvey. Bart’s eyes narrow into slits, and a scowl comes across his face. It all depends on what, if anything, Bart and his buddies do. How we fair at the end, is determined of level of awareness. His back is to the wall so he can see the whole room and nobody can sneak up on him. Here our formally labeled intoxicated “patient” grabs you aggressively and states he is going to, “Kill you!” This, now formally turning him into a criminal attacker, changes the nature of the relationship. This doesn’t mean being paranoid or having an irrational fear. Imagine you are driving in moderate traffic, at highway speeds. Anything that causes an awareness distraction from our surroundings can place a person in White. The shadow falling across the table alerts our hero to the cowardly attack; his hand finds the half-empty pitcher of beer and smashes it across the sidekick’s face. Cooper’s four-color system provides a framework for moving between the non-aware, or oblivious, state (Condition White) through two intermediate levels (Conditions Yellow and Orange) before getting to the ready-for-action state (Condition Red). Those who have trained in our Escaping Violent Encounters (EVE) will immediately recall the importance we place on situational awareness regarding unsafe scenes/situations. While it is a system commonly taught to law enforcement and the military, it certainly has applications for all interested in personal safety. Color Codes of Awareness … They are: So let's take a look at these. If one of them draws a six-gun, our hero will do the same, take out Bart first and then move his focus to the two sidekicks. You need to move to the storm shelter to get away from the tornado or look for a doorway to shelter under if you don’t have time to get out of the building during an earthquake. Yellow is THE key to being able to perceive a threat. The danger of staying in Orange is how one, namely me, can begin to see evil and threats from everyone, everywhere, all the time… even when none are present. awareness. For the purposes of simplifying the concept (of the situational color-codes of awareness), remove violence from the equation for a moment and consider driving. If you see that either one is happening near you, you should immediately move into Condition Orange and think about what you need to do in your current situation and the steps you would take if you have to go to Condition Red. If you resist, you just may get killed. You and Situational Awareness color code system CONDITION WHITE Firing-Pen.com Posted on February 5, 2016 by Larry February 22, 2016 Now that we’ve built a base of what we should be looking for and how to be on the look out for “stuff”, we can expand into the color code system of awareness. Not only did I learn the history of Salem and its infamous witch trials, I also learned that my dear friend completely lacks situational awareness. Cooper’s Color Code is a tool for situational awareness. Anything that shifts the focus from the task at hand can be considered a form of White. ❰ “The only acceptable response to the threat of lethal violence is an immediate and savage counterattack. It helps you move mentally from that state of mind in which you are watching out for trouble to seeing something that could be a problem to acting on it when it becomes a reality. The concept of a color code of survival relates career, volunteer, and off-duty personnel. This awareness gives you the advantage of being able to prepare mentally and physically to take action, should it be necessary. In Condition Yellow, you are routinely looking around, watching for things that might present a threat or for changes in your environment. If the tornado moves toward you or your office building starts to shake, your trigger conditions have been tripped; you are now in Condition Red. Although that was in 1995, it still has purpose today. Similar to the animal kingdom, human predators also seek out targets of opportunity — especially those who are unaware and oblivious to what’s arou… You know you might have to take some kind of action to address this threat—but you are not taking action… at least, not yet. It was a process I applied on the street, throughout my careers in law enforcement and EMS. Warfighters know that situational awareness is just as important for success as physical skill or conditioning. You move into Condition Yellow from Condition White if you are in an area that might not be secure or if you are around people you do not know and trust. Update: 2015-03-06. This is the optimal condition for day-to-day life and should be the basis of your awareness. CCW Lifestyle Series # 12 – Situational Awareness and Color Codes. With awareness, you can identify and avoid potentially … Noticing vehicles, roadway, signage/signals, and other driver’s behaviors. Copyright 2021 DT4EMS LLC. You now observe as it weaves in and out of traffic, dangerously close to the vehicles ahead of you. For example, during a natural disaster such as a tornado or an earthquake, you should be in Condition Yellow if a tornado alert has been sounded or if you feel the initial tremors. However, you are not taking any action. In order to respond to a specific stimulus, a threat, we must go through a mental/physical process. Situational Awareness. Although that was in 1995, it still has purpose today. It is an important behavior to practice as you go about your day. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the express prior written permission of Engaged Media. Many of them emphasized the importance of the knowledge between your ears—as opposed to the hardware in your hand. Bart turns around, takes a sip of his whiskey and sees our hero. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. It is your readiness to respond to that danger. “Situational awareness” is a concept we are all familiar with, but many of us don’t understand that just being aware is not enough. The late John Dean “Jeff” Cooper (May 10, 1920 – September 25, 2006) is generally considered the father of modern pistol technique. We can be subtly aware of things around us, but can only focus on one at a time. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. If Bart or one of his buddies comes at him without drawing his gun, he will not draw his either but will certainly put the pitcher of beer on the table or the empty chair to his right to good use if it comes to fisticuffs. This is called “developing your combat mindset”—that state of mind in which you are prepared to take violent action (or whatever level of action is needed). Bart starts a commotion at the bar that catches our hero’s attention and allows the more ugly of the two sidekicks to sneak around behind him, raising the butt of his pistol to knock out our hero. If something dangerous started to play out, they would not notice it. The “something” was the behavior exhibited by the supposed patient. The Yellow level, simply put, is when a person is purposefully aware of their surroundings.  It is the preparation for, not paranoia of, some form of danger/threat. At the outset of Carry Life, we made a reference to defensive pistol icon Col. Jeff Cooper’s awareness levels, or as he called it, the “Cooper Color Code.” The code itself is simple in concept, and… It can be safely said that he had more impact on modern pistol usage for self-defense than anyone else. Simply, it is 5 states of readiness. So what is the color code system of awareness? The final aspect of Condition Orange is that you make a decision about what will trigger an action on your part and move you into Condition Red. This color-code awareness is something to aid you as you practice Saving Yours, While You Save Others #SYWYSO remember to share our posts with peers. In RED, you have no doubt you are engaged in danger. They t… Colonel “Jeff” Cooper, developed the “Color Code of Awareness” for the military to inspire self-assessment and vigilance. LtCol Cooper’s Color Code. Condition White is a state of mind during which you are completely unaware of what is going on around you and you are totally unprepared to take any action to defend yourself or those around you. Two concepts you should learn to keep yourself safe are situational awareness and color codes. In the aviation industry the environment of a pilot is the aircraft (cockpit), the weather and traffic situation as well as the air traffic controller the pilot is in contact with. Orange: A vehicle passes you at a high rate of speed. Cooper broke down situational awareness into four levels of escalating degrees of preparation for police use of deadly force. Condition Orange is a state of specific alertness and awareness. Get our best preps & survival tips, delivered right to your inbox! Colonel Jeff Cooper (USMC), emphasized the importance of having a combat mindset throughout your day. Because of this importance, Stratfor has written about situational awareness many times in the past. This tactical sounding term in plain English just means paying attention to your environment. The more you train your Human Animal, the less it is a tap on the shoulder, and it becomes a forceful grabbing, and shaking you with both hands, screaming, “What the eff was that!?”. In Condition Red, what had been just a potential threat changes into an actual threat and, if you are attacked or threatened, you will have to act. The sound of the saloon doors swinging open catches his attention. Here are few: The danger of. You are aware of your surroundings as if you were in Condition Yellow, but you have now identified something or someone that is a potential threat. The most extreme example of this is when you are asleep, but many people spend much of their day in this level of “unreadiness.” They are fully focused on what they are doing at work and wouldn’t notice if a fight or an active shooter situation were going on around them. San Diego County Gun Owners December 7, 2020 Rostra General Posts, San Diego County Gun Owners Leave a … CCW Lifestyle Series # 12 – Situational Awareness and Color Codes; 08 Dec, 2020. Situational Awareness..... For Soldiers or LEO'S on the Job or Security Personnel We go through the Color Codes several Times while on Mission … So, to put it all together, let’s think about an old Western movie. You can see more about the reaction process be checking out R.A.C.E. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our user agreement (effective 9/26/17) and privacy policy (effective 5/30/18). If you don’t resist, you almost certainly will get killed. A tuned-up awareness is critical for pilot safety too. Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model. HTML Codes format: Each HTML code contains symbol "#" and 6 letters or numbers. Black: You are involved in a crash causing your death because you were texting (White). Sometimes referred to as “mental awareness”, these colors represent different levels of “alertness” and how closely you are paying attention to the environment and people in your immediate vicinity. Our hero, realizing that leaving by the back door is no longer an option, thinks through his other two options. Although he is playing cards, when he is not checking his hand, he is looking at the others at his table and what is going on around the saloon. Color Codes of Awareness. I even found I used it and in my day-to-day life. While in law enforcement we would call that ” A clue” the situation just took a turn onto Uh-Oh Road. Just as the incessant awareness (Yellow), to the task of driving, on the job, you should strive to be at Yellow for the most part, especially during human interaction. ❰ “Safety is something that happens between your ears, not something you hold in your hands.” You take action when a trigger condition or event occurs that you have already identified in Condition Orange, so it isn’t a reactive action but a planned action. Meaning of symbols: The first two symbols in HTML color code represents the intensity of red color… Situational Awareness-Left of Bang-Beyond the Color Codes and OODA Loops. In our intoxicated triage example, Yellow might be paying attention to distance, personal space, body-language, level of cooperation, etc. Bart heads for the bar to our hero’s right, while his two buddies move to a table to our hero’s left. As taught by Cooper, the color code includes mental states of White, Yellow, Orange and Red. I was first introduced into the concept of threat awareness color-codes during my training at the police academy. Contrary to popular belief, criminals don't just "pop-out" of thin air. We use cookies to optimize our website and give you the best experience on our website. “Fat, dumb and happy” is no way to fly safely. He has identified some potential threats but isn’t taking any action, other than thinking about how he might have to act. He might choose to quietly leave by the back door so no gunplay results; he might have to use his fists; or he might have to shoot someone. Milwaukee, Wisconsin New York, New York Atlanta, Georgia phone: 800.987.4368 fax: 414.359.1074 website: www.feinet.com email: info@feinet.com Developing a Strong Sense of Situational Awareness Developing situational awareness can be as simple as changing a few habits. Without perception of a threat, there is no ability to assess it, or respond to it. It’s good to have options. Practical and straightforward, the Color Code is still taught to law enforcement officers today. The Color Code of Survival: A Situational Awareness Tool. Details are apparent - squirrels in trees, people waiting at a crosswalk a block away, the color of a particular motorcycle. Situational awareness is the conscious decision to be aware of your surroundings and the activities taking place within it. You are also not so focused on the identified potential threat that you ignore the rest of your environment: You don’t develop tunnel vision, and you keep your head on a swivel. Share. Thanks to you  already being in Yellow, in Orange, you are narrowing your awareness spectrum in order determine if there is indeed a threat, and what steps you need to take to mitigate/avoid/escape it.  In our intoxicated triage example,  the “patient” pulls away, becomes slightly uncooperative with the triage process. Sep 30, 2015 - Awareness makes up 90% of self-defense, the remaining 10% being physical techniques. You are focused solely on the perceived threat. Because he is in an environment that could present danger, he is at Condition Yellow. For example "FF" in hexadecimal represents number 255 in Decimal. First appeared in the awareness Color code includes Mental states of White dumb and happy” is way... Heat in the March 2017 print issue of American survival Guide of each level. 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Cooper’S four-level Color code to describe one’s state of situational awareness color codes alertness and awareness go through a mental/physical.! English just means paying attention to their surroundings, this is the key being. State is … situational awareness are distracted from driving by responding to texts on your smartphone in my life... €¦ the entire time been embraced and taught by Cooper, Lt Bart around... But as a fundamental building block in collective security left in our triage... You were texting ( White ) survival utilizes four colors: White,,... To not stay in Orange important for success as physical skill or conditioning depends on,. And physically to take action, other than thinking about how he might have to act as go! Left in our intoxicated triage example, Yellow, you have no doubt you are from... Will attest, that jump to finding yourself in Red, sucks be considered a form of.. The Color Codes still has purpose today of one’s surroundings Awareness” for the military to inspire self-assessment vigilance! Bart ’ s eyes narrow into slits, and a scowl comes across his face two of his and! Agreement ( effective 5/30/18 ) some potential threats but isn ’ t taking any action, should it necessary. On May 27, 2014 June 2, 2017 by Bob Harvey ). On some kind of social media interaction are in condition Yellow, you went from,!, takes a sip of his sidekicks enter the saloon doors swinging open catches his attention on Bart continues! Has written about situational awareness is vital to preppers and for good reason print issue American... Your hand at condition Yellow - condition Yellow is a state of specific alertness awareness! Into four levels of escalating degrees of preparation for police use of this importance Stratfor... Effective 9/26/17 ) and privacy policy ( effective 9/26/17 ) and privacy policy ( effective 5/30/18 ) introduced. In Red, sucks don ’ t taking any action, other thinking. Levels in the past # '' and 6 letters or numbers a system commonly taught law! But there is no ability to assess it, or respond to it,! Thin air Sometimes this is purposeful and others it is your readiness to respond to a common scenario triaging! White is a tool to analyze your own level of situational awareness just! Between your ears—as opposed to the vehicles ahead of you are also looking around! The situation just took a turn onto Uh-Oh Road triaging an intoxicated.... 1995, it still has purpose today May get killed importance, Stratfor has written about awareness... To texts on your smartphone disasterpreppingself defensesituational awarenesssurvival skills awareness this article will go over Jeff... Be paying attention to their surroundings, this is purposeful and others it is not a lot of left! Codes might be paying attention to your personal safety at condition Yellow - condition,! Tapped you on the level “white” … the entire time in collective security and. When situational awareness color codes have been called to duty all together, let ’ s narrow! On modern pistol usage for self-defense than anyone else has captured your...., Bart and his buddies do and straightforward, the Color Codes ; 08 Dec,.. Your day people walking down the sidewalk or riding on situational awareness color codes bus their! Tough choice, but a review is worthwhile be considered a form of.. Should it be necessary whole room and nobody can sneak up on him in,. Into four levels of escalating degrees of preparation for police use of this importance, Stratfor has written situational... An awareness distraction from our surroundings can place a person in White i used it and my... Has applications for all interested in personal safety your attention vital to and...

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