• Nothing blocks UV rays better than pigments. A storm door would also be a big help in protecting the door form the elements. TotalBoat Gleam Marine Spar VarnishIt is arguably the best varnish for wood that you can shop for, … I’m torn between applying a film-forming finish, such as paint, opaque stain, or exterior varnish, or a penetrating-oil finish. The sample board has something called zspar and another called flagship. You won’t find this on your local hardware store shelves, but that doesn’t mean it’s not incredible stuff. Eligible for Free Shipping. The reason we... 2. Some products labeled “outdoor stain” are essentially thinned paint and perform nearly as well as  heavy-bodied paint. Exterior Paint Rust-Oleum Perma-White Exterior Paint. As such, spar urethane is a blend of spar varnish that features urethane plastic as the main resin. HI Bob. Popular brands of wooden boat varnishes bought at a marina. After applying the final coat, let dry for two days. Be careful. If these finishes are exposed to the sun and rain year around, they may last 2 to 4 years before they start to break down. Dyes impart some color to the finish but do little to block UV rays. One extra point: a marine varnish can be a good thing indoors as well for varnished items that will get a lot of sunlight through the windows. You don’t necessarily need to strip the finish all the way to the wood. Then apply multiple coats of a good quality varnish. Exterior finishes that contain these additives are much more expensive than those that don’t, but they are the only ones that hold up in sunlight. But the middle two varnishes were hardly better than the indoor varnish, despite claims to the contrary from the manufacturers. Send your woodworking questions to askwood@woodmagazine.com Exterior finishes generally go by the name “spar,” as in “spar varnish.” Sometimes, a distinction for UV resistance can be made between common spar finishes (without UV inhibitors) and “marine” or “boat” finishes (with UV inhibitors). Your article, Rubbing Out a Great Finish, states that it can be rubbed to a satin finish. Clear Gloss Spar Varnish Coatings (6-Pack) Model# 207008 $ 81 42 /case $ 81 42 /case Free delivery. Applying caulk to the joints is … Thanks for posting this. To make the panel I first applied a red water dye stain to birch (red because it fades quickly in sunlight), then I divided the panel into four sections and applied five coats each of four different varnishes. Both polyurethane and spar varnish should be applied to your project with a brush. It’s less work to keep up the finish than to replace it. I have researched to find the best finish that has UV protection, mildewcide, is easily applied. It is the most frequently used compound for exterior woodwork. An epoxy sealer with exterior varnish topcoats is the most durable, but also the most labor-intensive finish you can apply to outdoor furniture. What’s the best route?—Kevin Tundro, Humboldt, Tenn. Before we get into the specifics of each type of product, Kevin, keep in mind a few general principles that govern the performance of outdoor finishes:  UV is almost as bad indoors as out since window glass typically doesn’t filter out UV to any major extent. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! • Two inevitable ravages of nature—water and the UV rays in sunshine—damage wood and the finish protecting it. (Use marine-grade spar varnish for an exterior door; ordinary polyurethane will yellow and crack quickly when exposed to sunlight and damp.) All Rights Reserved. This formulation enables it to render an impre… We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. – Simple Woodworking Projects, Use A Doweling Jig as A Center-finding Gauge. Best Seller Rust-Oleum Marine 1 qt. Step 1 But now many different and effective formulations have made it to store shelves. Paint Photo by Andrea Rugg/Collinstock. Remember to be patient: It takes several days to properly finish an exterior door … Personally, this is my favorite finish for exterior wood. Epifanes Clear Varnish – A Great Bargain. I agree. When it is about wood objects for exterior use, spar varnish does the best job. Like many woodworkers, I’ve generally perceived my tablesaw’s miter gauge as a nonprecision... read more. Subscribe ». What's the best option? Spar varnish has long been the clear finish of choice for exterior wood because of its elastic toughness and ability to stand up to the sun. Mirror Finish. What finish should you use? Spar urethane should be applied using a bristled brush because of its thicker consistency. 1. So a spar varnish needs to be one that can withstand the rigorous conditions of seafaring life. 1 coat of S-W’s wiping stain, 2 coats of S-W sanding sealer (sanding lightly in between), two coats of S-W’s CAB lacquer (sanding lightly in between) followed by 1 – 2 coats of McCloskey’s satin Marine Spar Varnish applied full strength with a brush. System Three Marine Spar Varnish is a high-build coating designed for marine epoxy and exterior wood surfaces such as railings, doors or any surface where a clear, durable gloss finish is desired. The first varnish coat should be a sealer made by diluting the varnish 1:1 with solvent, normally mineral spirits or turpentine. The varnish and paint on the bottom third of the door is crackling. It was designed by boat finishers for boats and us land lovers can benefit from their hard work by using a product that can handle the toughest elements. Hi, Both products contain a unique blend of resins and ultra violet screening agents specifically formulated for exterior use providing the best possible protection from the harsh sun and salt spray of the sea. Finally, choose a top-quality marine-grade exterior spar varnish. ", The Best Kind of Clear Finish to use Outdoors – The Difference Between Varnish and Spar Varnish, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/IMG_3141_2-113x113.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, Video: Sturdy Drawer Joint on a Table Saw, Feature Articles, Shop Blog, Woodworking Blogs, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! Some woods that fit the description are accoya, catalpa, cedar (Spanish, western red, eastern white, or Alaskan yellow), chestnut, cypress (old growth is best), ipe, juniper, locust (black), mahogany (Honduras or African), mesquite, mulberry, oak (bur, white), redwood (old growth is best), sassafras, teak (old growth is best), walnut, yew, and pressure treated lumber. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. If … Apply 2 coats of spar varnish and not have to worry about your door for a while. Holiday Deals Gift Cards Best Sellers Customer Service Find a Gift New Releases Whole Foods AmazonBasics Sell Registry Free Shipping ... 1-16 of 315 results for "exterior spar varnish" Skip to main search results Amazon Prime. To find exterior clear finishes that contain an adequate amount of the UV-resistant additives, you usually have to go to a marina in a coastal area, or find one of these marinas online and purchase by mail order. Like Captain’s Varnish, Epifanes’ finish can be brushed on or sprayed. The valuable wood of yours needs to be protected and preserved so that it gives you service for a very long time. If you’re going to go over various marine spar varnish reviews, you will unveil that this brand is considered as one of the top of the line options that countless of sailors prefer. And Minwax Helmsman is one leading brand that is known for offering a premium quality spar urethane varnish. Then, rinse the surface with water and allow it to dry completely. By Peter Gedrys Issue 282 - April/May 2019 Several years back you did a feature and video series on finishing an exterior door by Peter Gedrys (FHB #257). Send your woodworking questions to askwood@woodmagazine.com. This is a very high-gloss marine varnish that is suitable … Give the sealer coat a light sanding, and then apply a minimum of three more coats of varnish with a light sanding between each. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects. All finishes marketed for exterior surfaces aren’t the same, no matter the claims of manufacturers. They shed water for a year or so before requiring reapplication. When applying varnish over raw wood, use 220-grit sandpaper. It is commonly used for exterior woodwork but because it has high resin content, it gives a yellow hue because of which it cannot be used inside a house. What’s the best route? Paint, stain, exterior varnish, penetrating-oil finish? In my opinion spar varnish will give you the best clear coat protection against water. Varnish can be used to protect, preserve, and enhance paint. With all the modern advances in coatings -- polyurethane, shellac, urethane, or varnish -- some confusion about formula is to be expected. The door has four curved panels of glass, surrounded by mahogany, satin finish, that has aged through nearly 30 years of morning sunshine. Spar Varnish It seals off the wood from the sun’s UV rays. This happens on the surface first, of course, so the easiest procedure to follow is to sand through the damage, then apply another coat or two of the finish. And the name “spar varnish” comes from the boating world, where the long wooden poles that support the sails are know as spars. Sand and reapply every five to six years. In fact, my sample was done inside a west-facing window for six months. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing. Steps to Applying Varnish on Doors. Finished or bare, the best wood for outdoor projects is the heartwood from a species that naturally withstands decay. And as what is often the best price source of marine varnish (even if you live next door to a marina) is the web site at defender dot com. I didn’t want to have to deal with rain. I am a little confused. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. McCloskey Man-O-War marine spar varnish is way better than any polyurethane. RUST-OLEUM Ultimate Oil-Based Spar Urethane – Best Value Polyurethane Product.. This marine-grade vanish is composed of UV inhibitors, phenolic resins and Tung oil. But there is no industry agreement on the naming, so you’re left with price and where you buy the product being the best indication of which you’re getting. It’s no surprise, then, that nothing outperforms paint in an outdoor environment. Its low toxicity, however, means that it’s equally safe to use near the entryway on exterior doors and trim. Set your ... Clear Satin 275 VOC Oil-Based Exterior Spar Urethane (2-Pack) Model# 242182 $ 103 96 /case You can best use exterior paint on wood sidings, doors, windows, and trim. The person I engaged, instead of satin finish, did a glossy marine spar varnish, which also has bubbles! To demonstrate the difference between varnishes sold at marinas and those sold at home centers I made this panel and exposed the lower third to sunlight for 6 months. This is the finish favored by boat builders so you know it’s going to last a long time. I know the first pic says all bought from a marina and the second pic says the last three samples are from home center. You need to apply five or more coats to build any level of UV protection. But it has been found that it is a great finishing for woodworks that are more prone to water content. At the left, a UV-resistant varnish sold at marinas; in the middle, two common spar varnishes with claims to UV resistance sold at home centers; and, at the right, an indoor varnish with no claim to UV resistance. Because its opaque pigments block the sun's UV rays, an exterior-grade oil- or water-based paint is the longest-lasting and most-protective finish you can apply. Can I lightly sand the offending spar varnish and re-coat with a marine varnish now or wait until the end of this season to re-coat? Step 5 Refresh as necessary with additional varnish coats. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing. Patrick. At half the cost of the Recommended one-part varnishes, Minwax slacked in the color retention department, but it has proven its multi-season durability. So my question is which varnish from pic 1 did sample #1 and did the can labeled zspar flagship in pic 1 create sample 3? But a beautiful wood door with a clear finish will attract many more admiring glances, as long as you maintain it with devotion. Epoxy with Exterior Varnish. Spar Varnish Marine spar varnish and exterior polyurethane finishes usually soak into the wood a little bit, but mainly build up on the surface. Expert wood-finisher Peter Gedrys offers advice for maintaining and refreshing aging spar varnish on an exterior wood door. Well presented. We find essential in our everyday work around the shop, including chairs, tables and. 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