Radio, newspapers and magazines, and the Internet are also important sources of health care information. As a result, a Common data elements include type of service, number of units (e.g., days of service), diagnosis and procedure codes for clinical services, location of service, and amount billed an… Sources of health information Population census Registration of Vital Events Notification of diseases Institutional records Community surveys National Sample Survey Sample Registration System Model Registration System Disease Registers Forty-one percent of Latinos with less than a high school diploma report getting information from newspapers or magazines, compared with 63 percent of people with at least some college education. As is the case with usual health care providers, those who are more educated and more assimilated are more likely to report exposure to the medical system. The use of television for health information is somewhat more prevalent among the foreign born and the less assimilated. Nor are they more likely to know that maintaining a healthy weight is a better way to prevent diabetes than avoiding sugar intake (71 percent of diabetics are aware of this, as compared with 72 percent of non-diabetics). Additional information from occasional health surveys, research, and information produced by … Health information systems consist of six key components, including: 1. Television is the most pervasive media outlet, in terms of disseminating health information; 68 percent of respondents received information from television in the past year. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. Thirty-eight percent of respondents younger than 30, and 48 percent of respondents ages 65 and older who got health information from television got it in Spanish. The instrument of questionnaire was used to elicit information from the two teaching hospitals in Ogbomoso metropolis namely: Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso and … Public health responses—such as outbreak investigations, prevention strategies for diseases such as cancer, and health system improvements to quality and performance—require timely, accurate health information. Health information technology, or HIT, refers to a system designed to store, share, and analyze the data collected in any healthcare facility. 3… h�b```� ,|)� �������b`����ʔ�h��6A�C� ;�m�X��C] health information system: combination of vital and health statistical data from multiple sources, used to derive information about the health needs, health resources, use of health services, and outcomes of use by the people in a defined region or jurisdiction. Three-quarters (76 percent) of Hispanics know that there are effective treatments for diabetes that reduce the chances of death or serious side effects; the same share correctly say there is no medicine or treatment “that can permanently fix it.” A slightly lower share (72 percent) of Hispanics is aware that maintaining a healthy weight is more helpful in preventing diabetes than avoiding all sugar. Evidence-informed health policy-making is based on sound data and information (1). The second most important source of health information is television; 23 percent of Hispanics received a lot of information from TV and 45 percent received a little. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. There are many examples of primary sources in many walks of life, but generally a primary source is defined as being where a piece of information appears for the first time. Indicators– a complete set of indicators and relevant targets, including inputs, outputs, and outcomes, determinants of health, and health status indicators. It is a tool for collection, validation, analysis, and presentation of aggregate statistical data, tailored to integrated healthLearn more Younger Latinos and women are more receptive to these types of changes than are older Hispanics or men. The educational differences in the likelihood of getting health care information from the Internet are stark. (For an overview of the historical development, see (2)). Having health insurance and a regular health care provider are both associated with more diabetes knowledge but they do not guarantee being well-informed. High school graduates account for 27 percent and Latinos with at least some college education make up 15 percent. ENHIS is an evidence-based information system aiming to support public health and environmental policies in the WHO European Region Outbreaks of waterborne diseases Public water supply and access to piped water sources Access to improved sanitation and water treatment Bathing water quality Mortality from road traffic injuries in children and young people Mortality in children and … Hispanics and Health Care in the United States, Hispanics, Health Insurance and Health Care Access, The 2004 National Survey Of Latinos: Politics and Civic Participation, Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins, Black eligible voters have accounted for nearly half of Georgia electorate’s growth since 2000, The Religious Composition of the 117th Congress, Slim majorities have become more common in the U.S. Senate and House, Are you in the American middle class? Here, demographic differences among Latinos are not great. Data sources: including population-based approaches (censuses, surveys and civil registration) and institution-based data (individual records, service records, and resource records). 1184 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<86B198B71AF03E4B989B4BFD8216EE3E><63301F182E507040A2012132B920EBF9>]/Index[1167 49]/Info 1166 0 R/Length 88/Prev 375408/Root 1168 0 R/Size 1216/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Hispanics who have been diagnosed with diabetes score higher on the knowledge test than other Latinos, but a notable share (27 percent) answered at least three of the eight questions wrong. Among those with a usual provider, the type of place where care is obtained also factors into diabetes knowledge. Diabetics are more likely to know the basic facts about their condition than the general population does, but not all diabetics are well-informed: 73 percent score high on the knowledge test, 24 percent get a medium score and 3 percent get a low score. I’ll list the main influence driving healthcare, the driver for IT, and the resulting health information technology (HIT) innovation: 1960s: The main healthcare drivers in 3.3 Sources of information on country health information systems Information about the functioning of the health information system can be obtained from the different sectors and agencies that are responsible for the generation, synthesis, analysis and use of data at the country, regional A third of the low scorers are ages 18–29, a slightly higher share (38 percent) are ages 30–49, 12 percent are ages 50–64, and the remaining 12 percent are 65 years and older. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax Those who get a lot of information from newspapers and magazines also are more likely to score high (69 percent) than those who get no information from those sources (50 percent). Hispanics born in the United States are twice as likely as are immigrants to get health care information from the Internet—52 percent versus 25 percent. Fifty-seven percent of the native born use print media, as do 47 percent of the foreign born. Another group that relies more heavily on churches and community groups are Spanish-dominant respondents; 34 percent report obtaining health information from these sources, compared with 25 percent of English-dominant Latinos. Seventy-nine percent of Latinos who speak primarily English and three-fourths of those who are bilingual report obtaining information from medical providers in the past year, while 62 percent of Spanish-dominant Latinos have done so. Among those who watch television and those who listen to the radio, there is a strong association between educational levels and language use. When responses are analyzed by citizenship status, naturalized citizens are more likely to score high (60 percent) than are legal permanent residents (55 percent) or immigrants who are neither citizens nor legal permanent residents (48 percent). endstream endobj startxref According to the American Diabetes Association, millions of Americans are unaware that they have diabetes. Both those who have a usual provider (42 percent) and those who do not (38 percent) are nearly as likely to say that what they learned from the media affected how they think about treatment. 3. Youth, education, nativity and assimilation are all strongly linked to Internet usage for Latinos in general,15 and to the likelihood of using the Internet for health information in particular. Among those who get a lot of information from churches or community groups, a larger share scores low (58 percent) than high (52 percent).*. There are notable differences by demographic characteristic in which Hispanics score high (six to eight correct answers), medium (three to five correct answers) or low (two or fewer correct answers) on a battery of eight questions testing basic diabetes knowledge. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. Immigrant Hispanics and those who have lower levels of education rely more on Spanish-language media, including television and print media, for information. The pattern is similar for newspapers and magazines. Health information provided by the media led 57 percent of Hispanics to ask a doctor or medical professional new questions. However, medical professionals are not the only ones providing health and medical information. For each potential information source, they could report getting “a lot” of information, “a little” information, or no information at all. Latinos whose primary language is Spanish are more likely to ask new questions to health care professionals as a result of media coverage than are English speakers, pointing again to the important role played by the Spanish-language media. Roughly 9 percent of Hispanics say they receive a lot of information from churches and community groups, and 22 percent say they receive a little information from these sources. The youngest and oldest Latinos know less than those in the middle: 48 percent of those ages 18–29 and 65 and older score well, compared with substantial majorities of those ages 30 to 49 (63 percent) and 50 to 64 (68 percent). However, the gap in persons scoring high on diabetes knowledge is smaller when comparing respondents who report getting a lot of health information from television (59 percent) with those who report getting no health information from television (52 percent). This includes personnel, financing, logistics support, information and communications technology (ICT), and mechanisms for coordinating both within and between the six components. Most Hispanics who score low on the knowledge test about diabetes have health insurance (59 percent), and a usual place to go for medical care (63 percent). Secondary information A secondary source of information is one that provides information from a source other than the original. In spite of some efforts to make the health care system integrated with information systems, it continues to be not For example, to determine older adults’ health information needs and perceived usefulness of health information sources, Taha et al. One in four Hispanics who get no health information score low on diabetes knowledge, compared with one in 11 who get at least some information. Find science-based health information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, research, clinical trials and more from NIH, the nation’s medical research agency. Twenty-seven percent of Spanish-dominant respondents reported obtaining a lot of information from television, compared with 18 percent of English-dominant respondents. 3. Thirty-five percent of English-dominant respondents get health information from the radio, compared with 42 percent of Spanish-dominant respondents. ��A����r��vE�)͍��U�.�� � l@ 2. ��L��Y��؀��f|/t��3��H�|�KX�20��Ҍ�$p�~̇ҁ47�k\4��u{D-�k� �U� Radio’s role as an information source is roughly similar for Hispanics with a health care provider (39 percent) and those without one (42 percent). Results show that doctors and other medical professionals are the most common source of health and medical information for Hispanics, as they are likely to be for most groups. Thirty-five percent of the native born use the radio as a source for health information, compared with 42 percent of the foreign born. Similarly, obtaining health information from medical personnel is associated with higher levels of knowledge but certainly does not guarantee them. This section will look at the survey data on diabetes knowledge from another perspective: The makeup of the low-scoring group. 0-��@84������H��"X$�A�q%�&S"�*Ƈ�-��bw�\;f0�c�d8s1��\e� 0 Conversely, Mexican-origin persons (69 percent) and Central Americans (69 percent) were less likely to report as much. Specific information regarding the importance of preventative care and regular health monitoring as well as the symptoms and treatment of chronic diseases can be delivered through alternate sources. By comparison, 23% of online health information seekers who report no chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to information they wanted to see – a significant difference co… Like television, radio as an information source is somewhat skewed toward immigrants and those whose primary language is Spanish. The main sources of health statistics are surveys, administrative and medical records, claims data, vital records , surveillance, disease registries, and peer-reviewed literature. Women are more likely than men to get their health information in Spanish (44 percent versus 36 percent for television viewers, and 53 percent versus 43 percent for radio listeners). When these responses are analyzed another way—comparing people who get at least some health information from any source with those obtaining no health information from any source—getting information is associated with better knowledge scores. With diabetics, as in the general population, the most educated and established Hispanics score the highest on a test of knowledge about diabetes. Medical information on the web is plentiful, but make sure your sources are reliable. Data content PHIS contains tables on cancer; demography; fertility; hospital discharges; mortality and psychiatric admissions. Eighty-six percent of diabetic Hispanics with at least some college education score high on the knowledge battery, compared with 71 percent of people lacking a high school diploma, and diabetics with regular care providers are more likely to score high (75 percent) than those without a usual place for care (66 percent). The data is gathered from claims, encounter, enrollment, and providers systems. More than 60 percent of Hispanics report that they received health information from their family and friends in the past year: 19 percent got a lot of information that way, and 43 percent got a little. Foreign-born Hispanics account for more than seven in 10 of the low-scoring group. The majority of Hispanics scoring low on the diabetes knowledge index have health insurance or a usual health care provider. If the purpose of the information is primarily to sell a product, there may be a conflict of interest since the manufacturer may not want to present findings that would discourage you from purchasing the product. health care financing system is not so much a system as it is a crazy quilt of programs that, when pieced together, cover to some degree , the majority- … Different sub-groups of Hispanics rely on different types of media. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Print and broadcast media, churches, community groups, family and friends, and the Internet are all sources of health and medical information for many Hispanics. Six in 10 Hispanics who have a usual provider say this. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Resourcesthe legislative, regulatory, and planning frameworks required for system functionality. Similarly, among the Hispanics who use radio to obtain any of their health care information, 47 percent rely on Spanish-language radio stations, 26 percent listen to Spanish and English-language stations and 27 percent rely on only English stations. So do nearly half of all Hispanics who do not have a usual provider. Although half of Latinos without a high school diploma score high, that compares with 70 percent of those with at least some college education. However, diabetics are no more likely than all Hispanics (76 percent) to know that effective treatments are available to reduce the chances of blindness, death or other serious complications. District Health Information System 2, or DHIS2, is a a web-based management information system. In the course of providing and paying for care, organizations generate administrative data on the characteristics of the population they serve as well as their use of services and charges for those services, often at the level of individual users. Unit Five Health Management Information System (HMIS) Learning objectives At the end of this unit, the learner will be able to; 1.Define HMIS 2.Describe deficits of HMIS in Ethiopia 3.List elements of HMIS 4.Explain indicators of HMIS 5.Discus the steps of developing HMIS 2 Likewise for Hispanics who have health insurance and those who do not—40 percent in both cases obtain health information from the radio. HIS policies outline a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve better HIS outcomes. Hispanics who get some information from print media are most likely to read English-language newspapers and magazines (43 percent), though 27 percent read Spanish-only publications and 29 percent got health information from both Spanish and English publications. These key sources of health information system data were analysed using two methods: first, a self-assessment by country stakeholders in the min- istries of health, national statistics offices, health pro- A higher share of Latinos (14 percent) with no usual source of care scores low, as compared with Hispanics who do have a usual source of care (9 percent). This group includes a wide cross-section of the Hispanic population. Higher education levels, being native born and assimilation are all associated with higher likelihoods of retrieving health information from these print media. When it comes to health and medical information, there are plenty of reliable sources available online through government-endorsed health websites (such as Better Health Channel), peak industry bodies (such as the Australian Medical Association) and peak condition-specific organisations (such as beyondblue and Cancer Council Victoria). It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Although there is no cure for diabetes, people who know they have the disease often can keep it under control, and reduce the risk of serious side effects or death, through treatment that includes diet and medication. Respondents who report obtaining health information from family and friends and from print media, in particular, score better on the battery of diabetes knowledge questions. Among Hispanics, 40 percent get health care information from the radio, 51 percent get some information from newspapers and magazines, and 35 percent get information from the Internet. Twenty-six percent of the foreign born report obtaining a lot of health information from this source in the past year, as did 19 percent of the native born. Immigrants are less likely to get information from family and friends (59 percent) than are native-born Hispanics (71 percent), plausibly because they have smaller networks of family and friends in the United States. Featured Tools Your Healthiest Self: Wellness Toolkits — Your relationships, your emotions, your surroundings, and other aspects of your life impact your overall health. While preventive care and regular health monitoring are essential in maintaining good long-term health and limiting the severity of chronic diseases, more than one in four Hispanics say they received no information regarding health or health care from doctors or health care professionals in the past year. {�. 1215 0 obj <>stream Although Spanish speakers account for nearly half of low scorers (47 percent), one in five are English-dominant and one in three are bilingual. English dominance, too, is strongly associated with using the Internet for health information; 53 percent of the English-dominant do so, compared with 17 percent of the Spanish-dominant. Examining differences by national origin, at least 14 percent of persons of Cuban, South American and Central American origin score low on diabetes knowledge, which is a larger share than for other groups. More than half of all Hispanics say they received a lot of information (14 percent) or a little information (37 percent) from print sources. Information that has no identifiable publisher or author should not be relied on, unless it is backed up by information from other sources that meet the criteria for credibility. Nativity and assimilation are associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge. About six in 10 of the low-scoring group (58 percent) say they get health information from medical professionals. Low: Respondents answered two or fewer questions correctly. Among long-term immigrants, those who have been in the country for 15 years or more, 61 percent score high, compared with about half of shorter-term immigrants. High: Respondents answered at least six out of eight questions correctly. In general, U.S.-born Hispanics and those who have higher levels of education are more likely to get information in English from sources such as television, newspapers, magazines and the Internet. %PDF-1.6 %���� Nearly a third of Hispanics say they received a lot of health and health care information from doctors or other medical professionals over the past year, and 39 percent say they received a little information. Similarly, U.S.-born Hispanics are more likely to score high on diabetes knowledge (62 percent) than those who are foreign born or Puerto Rican (56 percent). About one in three Latinos (31 percent) say that they rely on the information they get from their churches and local community groups. Of course, being native born and assimilated are associated with lower likelihoods of obtaining broadcast media health information in Spanish. Seventy-nine percent of respondents who received health or health care information from the media acted upon that information. While most Hispanics look to the medical community for answers to their health care questions, the media, and particularly television, also play a large role in providing health information. Respondents of Puerto Rican (80 percent) and Cuban (78 percent) origin are especially likely to have received help from a medical professional in the past year. Looking at differences by education level, 13 percent of Latinos who did not complete high school score low on diabetes knowledge, compared with 6 percent of those with at least some college education. This role is especially important for Hispanics who do not typically utilize the health care system. Respondents who visit a doctor regularly score better on diabetes knowledge questions than respondents who primarily visit clinics for their care; 65 percent score high, as compared with 57 percent of respondents who frequent clinics. Overall, the age differences in receiving any information from medical professionals are not huge, but respondents ages 65 and older are more likely to have gotten a lot of health information from a professional (41 percent) than respondents under age 30 (28 percent). hޜX�n۸~��Ο.�/����$E�4g�m�A�ڴ�SYr%9M���Rq7N���5� ����")�PB�$Ÿd"*N�H�6��T�D�Ha�R�*dB�H�-b�cD�b&�2&a**Ўx���eܞh�TB�ɔ���Q Radio, newspapers and magazines, and the Internet are also important sources of health care information. Almost two-thirds of all Hispanics who received health and health care information last year from broadcast or print media, or from the Internet, say that what they learned changed the way they think about diet or exercise. Twenty-nine percent of respondents got Internet health information in both English and Spanish. 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