The largest farms use mechanical lifts to facilitate harvesting, but are very expensive. Improving Hawaii’s mango industry by introducing and comparing two innovative techniques that have increased yields and quality of the fruit while improving on efficiency and management of the orchard. Field preparation began by hiring a bulldozer to clear the field of brush and grass. A wire basket was made with concrete mesh and a 12 inch piece of 5/8 inch rebar with 5/8 inch by four feet long chain attached and placed within the basket to add strength to the concrete. We had 8 tours throughout the year. The low trees are managed completely from the ground. Using UHDP methods have had great results for guava, jackfruit, and breadfruit, while the open Tatura trellis system has had excellent results in growing durian, sour sop, litchi, starfruit, and abiu; all excellent fruits that have growing markets. Fruit Farming. This project evaluates the costs of installation per acre, the expected return on investment, potential increase of production, labor demands, and orchard maintenance. The … Hawaii is the host to a number of destructive insects and the fruit flies may cause the most damage. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. If you miss the first wire, 20% of the growing space is lost, so this is very important. In mango three different methods of high density planting viz., low density, moderate density and high density planting are followed. The first wire on the trellis is 24 inches from the ground. In 2006, farmers in North Queensland, the tropical area of Australia, began adapting the trellis to tropical fruits to try and protect their orchards from severe storms, after a tropical cyclone had devastated the fruit orchards in the area. Dept. The most useful outreach tool at this point has been Facebook, where I created a group “The Mango Loa Project”, and have been chronicling its’ progress. The majority of time is spent maintaining the ground cover and weeding around the trees, walking the field, pruning and training branches. The uhdp field, in the first two years of pruning and training has been fast and easy. One end of the wire was attached directly to the chain on the ground anchor and the other end of the wire was attached to a wire strainer that is attached to the ground anchor and this is to tension the wire once all is set up. The otts field uses a lot of trellis clips and vinyl tape for training the trees along the trellis, which is another costs that adds up when dealing with 600 trees per acre. Trees are planted 8 feet apart in rows while being trained up the trellis. … USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. I also consulted with two farmers in Florida, on the phone and email, one on the installation of the open Tatura trellis system and one on implementing the ultra high density plantation system. A power point presentation is in the works and will be a guide to UHDP techniques and OTTS, a how to presentation that will be made at this year’s annual garden fair and mango Festival. Another method of pruning utilizes a tractor attachment with rotating blades which allows for mechanical pruning; this method is very fast and efficient, but also very cost prohibitive. The sub-lateral branches are established with each new flush, every 6 to 10 inches, and this is where most of the flowers and subsequent fruit will develop. UHDP method, while improving per acre … 45 feet should be the maximum span between posts. Orchard maintenance is difficult and labor intensive. But, once the tree fills in the space on the trellis, no more trellis clips are required. In order to get the most from this project, it will need a second part, the first three years of production. Mango Farming Information Guide. Canopy maintenance is limited and pest and disease management is very difficult. Each row of trellis is 260 feet long from anchor to anchor. High Tensile 12 1/2 Gauge 170,000 psi Steel Wire. Where it was first developed is hard to pinpoint, but India, Australia, Israel, South Africa, and China are a few of the countries that utilize this method for mango production. The uhdp field requires stakes for the trees, in the first year or two, and when there are 600 trees per acre, it can get expensive. Two bags of 80 pound Quickcrete was used per hole. The posts are set at a 72 degree angle, which has been determined to be the best angle for optimal light distribution from the bottom of the tree to the top. Under the ultra high density method, the mango trees will be planted closer together with lesser space left than in the high density and normal method of cultivation. Ultra-high density plantations Fig. I also had two visits to the local high school’s agriculture program, where I did a grafting workshop with the students as well as a discussion on sustainable agriculture and pruning fruit trees for small spaces. Once this year’s field is planted I will have the data needed to do a detailed cost analysis of the UHDP vs. open tatura trellis system vs. traditional orchard layout. Mango Farming Guide: Introduction of Mango Farming:- The mango is a juicy stone fruit and belong to the family of "Anacardiaceae" and genus of "Mangifera".... Read more. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. When you factor in the costs for the materials needed to build the trellises plus the costs of the UHDP field, it comes to $12,962 per acre, assuming the farmer is making his or her own trees and not purchasing. The trees take 0 to 1 minute to prune and the entire 1/2 acre can be completed in two to three hours. Open Tatura Trellis System and the benefits. high density mango orchard. Suckers appearing below the graft point or out of placed are removed as soon as possible. For this project, the ground anchors were made out of concrete and chain. The post holes were dug with a gas powered ground drill and that was essential for the job, hand digging the holes would be very labor and time intensive. Follow. Its keeping quality is good. As the branch grows laterally, the terminal bud is removed, when the branch flushes new growth, there will be 2 to 10 new branches, one branch will be selected to be the primary lateral growing branch, while one or two other shoots are left to form the sub-lateral branches,  all other shoots are removed. This will go a long way in producing a comprehensive report of the ultra high density plantation and the open Tatura trellis systems. Get all the information about high density guava farming here. What are the advantages? Browse more videos. Some of the work can be started in the nursery. Mango Drip Fertigation To Increase The Productivity Of Kesar Mango *, ultra high density planting system in mango drip fertigation to increase the productivity of kesar mango paperback january 11 2017 by sandip makhmale author an makwana editor rs chovatia editor see all formats and editions Bombay Green (Malda) This is one of the earliest varieties of North India, harvested by the end of June. : Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE. Did this project contribute to a larger project? As the scaffold branches are forming it is important to choose branches that are evenly spaced at a 45 degree angle. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Once a row was back filled, 1/2″ black tubing was laid down and covered with three foot wide black ground cover. establishing the leader will reduce the vigor in the other branches. Seven pairs of treated pine posts were used for each row. I did an interview for KKCR Kauai community radio, talking about the mango loa project and the advantages of high density fruit farming. The Tatura trellis system has been around for about 30 years and was developed at the Tatura research institute in Victoria, Australia, with the goal of improving productivity and sustainability of temperate zoned fruits and through trial and error the trellises were a success and the practice has been accepted worldwide. 2″ x 4″ x 8′ cross pieces were added to the top of the posts for stabilization. Through trials done in India and Australia, we know that mango trees thrive under heavy pruning and aside from lessening the demand on labor, there was also an increase in yield and quality of the fruit, increasing production to 8 to 12 tons per acre, while shortening the time to maximum production from 7 to 10 years to three years. You can get dashehari mang… 1 3/4 inch barbed staples were used to attach the wire to the posts. This is overlaid with three feet wide black weed mat. 2019-38640-29881 with the University of Maryland to develop and disseminate information about sustainable agriculture. Tag - Mango Plantation In Israel. Sadly, two events scheduled last year were canceled due to the severe flooding on the North side of the island that forced the cancellation of the mango festival and a scheduling conflict interfered with the Kauai farm and garden fair. Each lateral growing branch has a four feet span to cover. Ultra High Density Plantation (UHDP) Versus Open Tatura Trellis System (OTTS). High density plantation helped to get significantly higher yield per unit area compared to the normal spacing, without affecting size and quality of mango fruits. Ultra High Density plantation in Mango is possible with 3*2 Mts distance and 675 plants per acre. At this stage flowers are removed as soon as possible to keep the tree focused on growing wood and leaves. Each row of trellis has 30 trees on each side, with 60 trees per row times 5 rows for a total of 300 trees on a 1/2 acre field. Stand alone UHDP mango fields in India have reported harvests of 8 tons per acre, over double the global average of 3.5 tons per acre. Final Book National Conference June 2018.pdf, CITRUS REJUVENATION IN NE REGION OF INDIA, Rejuvenation of Senile Horticultural Plantations for Improved Productivity and Quality, ABSTRACTS HortFlora Res. With the field prepped and laid out, it is time to start planting. Cost of Installation-  The most obvious difference between these two techniques is the cost of installation. Pruning and training begins immediately. systems are becoming popular in many crops in. wire strainers it make easy to tension the wire. before planting or 6 months after The drip irrigation system ensures planting. If you miss pruning a flush of growth and there is a second flush,  you will have to prune back two sections. The one event I attended that was a discussion on the topic showed that a good number of farmers want to incorporate these techniques on their farms, but need to see more examples before they commit to the financial investment of planting orchards using UHDP and open tatura trellis systems. Open Tatura trellis field. Polyembrionic seeds are also clonal, in that they are identical, which will give the orchard uniformity because all the seedlings are the same. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. The spacing grid we followed was 3m x 3m. It is a little hard to have regular farm events and to get farmers to show up, but I have been able to visit three farms and consult with farmers about planting new fields using ultra high density plantation (UHDP) techniques. “Common” mango seedlings take from 10 to 18 months to get big enough for grafting. Dedicated a lot of interest for high density Spinning Jenny is required dispense... Miss pruning a flush of growth and there is a second flush, you will have to new! The maximum span between posts as farmers we have to incorporate new innovative techniques to reduce our reliance on.. A nice canopy and ready to flower ) method has been in use for around a decade irrigation distribute! Wire on the trellis is 260 feet long from anchor to anchor is limited and and! 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